Does a type rating cover both passenger and cargo versions of the same plane – i.e. is there any difference in pilot training for say a 7…
Answer by Thomas Zerbarini:
Yes, a type rating covers both passenger/cargo configuration or any configuration (medical, executive, etc…). The type rating relates to the aircraft type, not what it is internally configured to carry.
Now, if an aircraft is modified for a special purpose and the configuration requires a modification to the aircraft's issued "type certificate"; then the issuing government will issue a modified type certificate and the pilots may be required to demonstrate their proficiency on the modified aircraft. Here is an example of a highly modified aircraft with a special purpose:
Evergreen 747 Super Tanker
Airlines can and do assign pilots mixed rotations. Although, passenger and cargo operations typically operate on different schedules and at different location. This can make it less efficient to schedule pilots to a mix passenger/cargo operation.
Further, in the U.S. the rest and duty limits for passenger and cargo only operators are drastically different. Passenger pilots operate under the new FAR 117 rest rules and the Cargo Pilots fly under the old less restrictive FAA rest rules.